E-J, p. 585, it is very clear that Herod the Great had both a father and a grandfather by the name of Antipater: ), governor of Edom in the time of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra, son of Antipater I, and father of * Herod . c.65 B.C..... Click the link for more information. Antipater had wealth and power but he wanted more. On the death of his father, there followed a turbulent period of in-fighting involving his brother and various Roman factions. Antipater was one of the sons of a Macedonian nobleman called Iollas or Iolaus and his... Antipater the Idumaean Antipater the Idumaean: | |Antipater I the Idumaean| (died 43 BC) was the founder of the |Herodian Dynasty| an... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Poss. Although his father worshipped Jewish gods, he was not technically a Jew. Antipater I the Idumaean [lower-alpha 1] (born 113 or 114 BCE, [1] died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas [lower-alpha 2] and had formerly held that name. an-tip'-a-ter (Antipatros): One of two envoys sent by the senate of the Jews to the Romans and Spartans (1 Maccabees 12:16; 14:22). ANTIPATER II or ANTIPAS (d. 43 B.C.E. 1, § 3; 2, § 1; 2, § 3; 3, § 2; 8, §§ 1-5; 9, § 2; 11, § 4; for other references see Niese's edition, index; Ewald, History of Israel, v. 396-398, 403, 407, 448; Grätz, Gesch. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Herod's father was by descent an Edomite, whose ancestors had converted to Judaism.Herod was raised as a Jew. Antipater, (died 43 bc), Idumaean founder of the Herodian dynasty in Palestine. In 320 BC, he became regent of all of Alexander's Empire. He achieved a major increase in status by marrying a woman from a wealthy family in Petra. Antipater Military Person, Deceased Person, Person. Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I) and had formerly held that name. The two men would never come to terms and fought bitterly over the next decade. Antipater, who felt no attachment for Judaism or the Jewish state, and who stood ready to sacrifice their interests in order to serve his own ends, had made previous arrangements with Aretas, an Arabian chief, to give his help to Hyrcanus in return for a large sum of money and possession of twelve cities, which had been conquered from the Arabians by the Hasmoneans after long and hard fighting. Murder is the legally unjustified killing of one person by another. Antipater was likewise the name of various eminent men in ancient times – physicians, philosophers, historians, poets, mathematicians, and grammarians.” From The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, vol. According to this writer, Idumean robbers attacked Ascalon, and plundered a shrine of Apollo, taking with them the son of the temple-attendant Herod, because he was too poor to redeem his son Antipater. With this view Antipater tried to persuade Hyrcanus, who was not only of a peaceful and kindly disposition but altogether free from suspicion, that his brother was plotting his death in order to secure himself upon the throne. He therefore tried his utmost to dethrone Aristobulus, and to restore the weak Hyrcanus II., who would be an easy tool in his hands, to the throne which was rightfully his. HM George I's 44-Great Grandfather. Omissions? Phasael was the elder brother of Herod. 0 The Idumaean Antipater was appointed by Julius Caesar procurator of Judaea, Samaria and Galilee, as a reward for services rendered against Pompey. Antipas was born in (Kingdom of Edom), Saudi Arabia. xiv. [2] Contents. Antipater (c. 399-319 BCE) was a Macedonian statesman and loyal lieutenant of both Alexander the Great and his father Philip II of Macedon.As a regent in Alexander's absence, Antipater subdued rebellions and mollified uprisings, proving his unwavering loyalty for more than a decade. Antipater II (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος, translit. As long as Cæsar lived he remained his partizan, foreseeing the ultimate victory of the great general; but after his assassination, Antipater sided with Cassius because the latter had seized Syria, and Judea could not have stood against him. He was the father of Herod the Great, whose family thus was Idumaean in origin. He was the son of Antipas, a convert to Judaism, who was governor of Idumæa under the reigns of Alexander Jannæus and his queen dowager Alexandra, and rendered himself serviceable to the Jewish rulers, through his connections with his former congeners, of Arabia Petræa. the Great was Idumaean. In the year B.C. 233 et seq., 278 et seq., 282-285. ), who characterizes this statement of Herod's origin from Ascalon as Jewish. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas and had formerly held that name. A fragment of a legend concerning the life of Antipater has, however, been preserved by Julius Africanus. Antipater the IdumaeanAntipater the Idumaean. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas and had formerly held that name. He was as energetic in his services to Cassius as formerly to Cæsar, and was most prompt in delivering the 700 talents which the Jews had to contribute for Cassius' army. Poss. Poss. Updates? Antipater the Idumaean: Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. Herod was born around 73 B.C. Antipatris (1 Occurrence) Easton's Bible Dictionary A city built by Herod the Great, and called by this name in honour of his father, Antipater. Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. Herod was born in (or around) 72 BCE in Idumea, south of Judea. 134, 137, 149, 155; Schürer, Gesch. Hyrcanus needed a crafty and skilful counselor at his side, such as Antipater, to meet the difficulties of party opposition from within and of Roman greed from without. was born in (Kingdom of Edom), Saudi Arabia. i. So much was this the case that the hatred of the Jews concentrated itself mainly against the son, and legend has little to say of the actual founder of the Herodian dynasty. Born in the south of Judea, he was the son of a high-ranking Roman officer named Antipater the Idumaean. Josephus states that Antipater I belonged to a distinguished Edomite family, the members of which had embraced Judaism in the days of John Hyrcanus. Antipater now intrigued to bring these his half-brothers under the suse picion of their father, and with such success that Herod altered his intentions in their behalf, recalled Doris to court, and sent Antipater to Rome, recommended to Augustus (Ant. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I). Although his father worshipped Jewish gods, he was not technically a Jew. HRE Ferdinand I's 42-Great Grandfather. Around 72 B.C. the IDUMAEAN. The Romans grouped Idumaea with Judaea and Samaria in one procuratorship. No good, however, came to Judea by his death, for the power of the Idumean house was not annihilated thereby, and his sons, particularly Herod, carried on the work of the destruction of Judea. ; and, what was of still greater advantage to Antipater, Hyrcanus was made ethnarch instead of Antigonus, son of Aristobulus II. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Antipater, however, retained his position of influence even after Hyrcanus was stripped of all political power by Gabinius (57 B.C.). He was the second son of Antipater the Idumaean, a high-ranking official under ethnarch Hyrcanus II, and Cypros, a Nabatean Arab. The remnant of independence which Pompey had allowed to Judea, whose nominal king was now Hyrcanus II., proved of great advantage to Antipater, as he now held Hyrcanus completely under his control. He acquired great influence because of his father's position. Thus, after the battle of Pharsalia (Aug. 9, 48 B.C. His father Antipater, a Jew of Idumaean (Id-oo me-an) descent, attained a position of great influence in Judaea after the Roman conquest and was appointed procurator of Judaea by Julius Caesar in 47 BC. Corrections? Antipater, who seems to have succeeded his father as governor of Idumæa, had reason to fear that King Aristobulus II. Background; At the Hasmonean court; Roman procurator and appointments of sons; Assassination and legacy That this account is fabulous is shown by the manner in which the narrative endeavors to prove the Idumean origin of Herod. 40), and also king of Judea … The legend refuses to regard him even as a half-Jew (Deut. Antipater the Idumaean (died 43 BC), father of Herod the Great; Antipater (son of Herod I) (46–4 BC), son of Herod the Great Antipater, son of Salome, Herod the Great's sister The Idumaean Antipater was appointed by Julius Caesar procurator of Judaea, Samaria and Galilee, as a reward for services rendered against Pompey. Antipater was a man of great influence and wealth who increased both by marrying the daughter of a noble from Petra (in southwestern… Antipater of Thessalonica: Antipater of Thessalonica (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος) was the author of over a hundred epigrams in the Greek Anthology. The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Systems of Transliteration Citation of Proper Names. After the destruction of Jerusalem, Idumaea was included in Arabia Petraea. The dispute was referred to Rome, and decision was given against Aristobulus. It is this son, later known as Herod the Great, who would ultimately begin a ruling dynasty that would last more than 125 years. Hyrcanus at first refused credence to Antipater, but finally allowed himself to be gained over. 8), but calls him a Philistine, a member of a race which owes its existence to unchastity (Gen. R. xxxvii. xxiii. Cæsar rewarded Antipater by appointing him governor (ἐπίτροπος) of Judea in the year 47 B.C. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Antipater-Idumaean-governor-of-Judaea, JewishEncyclopedia.com - Biography of Antipater. His proconsul arranged "all affairs of Jerusalem according to the will of Antipater," a phrase which seems to indicate that Antipater was made the tax-collector of the Jewish realm. Antipater was the real power behind the throne of John Hyrcanus II (Yonatan) (63-40BC). The statement of the historian, Nicholas of Damascus, that the family was descended from … Father of Herod I.; died 43 B.C. Antipater the Idumaean Wikipedia (d. 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. Antipater (c. 397–319 BC), Macedonian general; Antipater II of Macedon, king of Macedon from 297 to 294 BC; Antipater Etesias (died 279 BC), king of Macedon; Antipater of Derbe; Herodians. HM George I's 44-Great Grandfather. Judah Maccabee’s nephew Hyrcanus I actually forcibly converted the inhabitants of Idumaea to Judaism in the 2nd century BC. Eventually, Cassander would take control of Macedon and before his own death in 297 BCE would execute not only Alexander’s wife Roxa… would not retain him in his position. ), while feasting with Hyrcanus, by the hireling of a certain Malich, who, like Antipater, was aspiring to an influential position in Judea. Antipater I the Idumaean (Biblical Edom) (died 43 BC), was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty. Antipater the Idumaean was born at birth place, to Antipas I of Judea and Judea. Herod was a client king (or close ally) of Rome, but his route to the throne was not a straightforward one. Both Phasael and Herod began their careers under their father, Antipater, who was appointed procurator of Judea for the Roman Republic by Julius Caesar. The non-Jewish origin of the Herodians is also demonstrated by the Mishnah Soṭah, iv., at end. Antipater gained power in Judaea by making himself useful to the Romans. Antipater the Idumaean (1 jul 114 año aC – 1 mar 43 año aC) Descripción: Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. During the subsequent struggle between Cæsar and the Pompeians, Antipater exhibited great statesmanship in steering little Judea skilfully through the troublous times. Born: ? In the midst of his activity and rising success Antipater was poisoned (43 B.C. Died: abt. Antipater I the Idumaean was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. would not retain him in his position. Antipater the Idumaean. ), he was quick to take sides with Cæsar; and the latter's friendship to the Jews was mainly due to the services rendered him by Antipater, in Egypt, nominally under the authority of Hyrcanus. Antipater the Idumaean, also known as Antipas, as was his father and his grandson Herod Antipas, was the founder of the Herodean dynasty and father of Herod the Great. (Julius Africanus, "Epistola ad Aristidem," v.; Migne, "Patrologie," x. Born: ? Died: abt. Herod was born of this union in 73 BCE. Although Antipater was assassinated by a political rival four years later, his son, Herod I the Great, was later made king of Judaea by the Romans. Josephus, Ant. The struggle for the throne was long and bloody and ended with Herod murdering several of his very own family members. Personal details. According to Africanus and Epiphanius, he was the son of Herod (I) of Ascalon. Antipater (fl. Jean le Nevelon relates how Alior, the son of Alexander and Candace, avenged his father's death on Antipater and others. Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I) and had formerly held that name. About Antipas I, Governor of Idumaea He was not the son of Jason Maccabee or grandson of Elazar Maccabeus. Antipater I the Idumaean, an Edomite whose ancestors converted to Judaism, produces a son named Herod. He was the second son of Antipater the Idumaean, a high-ranking official under ethnarch Hyrcanus II, and Cypros, a Nabatean Arab. Antípatros; c. 46 – 4 BC) was Herod the Great's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I) and had formerly held that name. The story starts with Antipater, the father of Herod. See also Herod I. and Hyrcanus II. This son was also named Antipater and it was he who was the father of Herod the Great. Unfortunately, Cassander was not named the heir. Herod's father was by descent an Edomite, whose ancestors had converted to Judaism.Herod was raised as a Jew. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. His father, Antipater the Idumaean, was the close advisor of the Hasmonean king Hyrcanus II, and his mother Cypros was a Nabatean princess. Antipater died in 319 BCE at the age of 80. Antipater was a Macedonian general and a supporter of kings Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great. He therefore tried his utmost to dethrone Aristobulus, and to restore the weak Hyrcanus II., who would be an easy tool … Herod’s brother was taken captive, and he committed suicide shortly after. 9 likes. Entirely ignoring Hyrcanus, he appointed his own sons, Phasael and Herod, governors of Jerusalem and of Galilee respectively. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I) and had formerly held that name. His father, Antipater, was an Edomite (a Semitic people, identified by some scholars as Arab, who converted to Judaism in the 2nd century bce). Poss. Alternative Father of Possible Children: Antipater (Governor) of … Instead, Antipater chose the commander Polyperchon because he believed his son to be too young to successfully oppose the other regents. ThusAntipater succeeded in gaining his objects, although the Jewish state lost its independence in consequence. When his personal interests did not conflict with those of the Jews the crafty Idumean was of great service to them. HRE Ferdinand I's 42-Great Grandfather. Antipater, who seems to have succeeded his father as governor of Idumæa, had reason to fear that King Aristobulus II. Antipater was from Edom (Idumaea), the area between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. 47, Julius Caesar made Antipater, a “wily Idumaean,” procurator of Judea, who divided his territories between his 4 sons, Galilee falling to the lot of Herod, who was afterwards appointed tetrarch of Judea by Mark Antony (B.C. Antipater then took Hyrcanus with him to Aretas, who forthwith proceeded with a large army against Aristobulus, and defeated him. Antipater was married to Cypros, a Nabataean noblewoman. His father Antipater the Idumaean made him governor of Galilee in 47 BCE. In 40 BCE the Parthians attacked both Syria and Palestine, taking Jerusalem in the process. Antipater was likewise the name of various eminent men in ancient times – physicians, philosophers, historians, poets, mathematicians, and grammarians.” From The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, vol. d. Juden, 2d ed., iii. H erod was the son of King Antipater II of Judea (an Idumaean) and Queen Cypros, an Arabian (Nabataean) of noble descent. Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. Antipater had great influence in Israel and Judea during the period of Aristobulus, Hyrcanus and Pompey the Great. The Jewish origin of this legend is attested by Justin Martyr ("Dialogus cum Tryphone," lii. ANTIPATER. Notes about Antipater II 'the Idumaean' Procurator (Antipater II 'the Idumaean') Procurator Antipater the Idumaean From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sir Anthony Richard Wagner, Pedigree and Progress: Essays in the Genealogical Interpretation of History (1975) lists Antipater I's father as Herodes b c148 BCE. ; c. 46 – 4 BC ), and Cypros, a high-ranking official under ethnarch Hyrcanus,! Of the Herodians is also demonstrated by the manner in which the narrative to! 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